CONSTRUCTION SAFETY MANAGEMENT
- Purpose of the Regulations
- The intention is to ensure that all health and safety issues are considered and managed from inception through to completion of the project and also to consider future implications for health and safety during the life of the structure.
- To assist the coordination of all aspects of health and safety from inception and beyond
- To appoint competent person to the project (including designers, planning supervisor, principal contractor and contractors).
- To prepare a health and safety plan for constructions, and a health and safety file for the completed structure.
- To ensure an adequate allocations of resource in order that the duties imposed by the regulations can be met.
- To assist those associated with the project in achieving a safe working environment both for the original construction phases and future construction work .
- Client Responsibilities
- To appoint a competent planning supervisor and a competent principal contractor.
- To ensure the planning supervisor and principal contractor allocate adequate resources to supply information on the existing site.
- To supply information on the existing site.
- To ensure that constructions work dose not commence until a suitable health and safety plan is in place.
- To ensure that a health and safety file is kept available during the time that the own the structure.
- Planning supervisor responsibilities
- To ensure that details of the project are notified to the health and safety executive notification is only necessary if the constructions work will take longer than 30 working days or 500 person days.
- To oversee and coordinate health and safely aspects of design.
- To advise the client and any contractor (if asked) to enable them to comply with the regulation.
- To ensure that a health and safety file is prepared.
- To prepare the health and safety plan which is then given to the principal contractor before constructions work commences.
- Designers responsibilities
- To ensure that the duties under the regulations and any practical guidance issued by the health and safety executive are understood by the client.
- To ensure that designs avoid fore sable risks to construction personnel and others.
- To ensure that design address risks at source.
- To ensure that designs give priority to control measure which protect everyone?
- To ensure that design give priority to control measures which protect every one.
- To ensure that designs information on articles and substances which might affect anyone the project and third parties.
- To co-operate with the planning supervisor.
- Principal contractors’ responsibilities
- To ensure co-operation between contractors on site.
- To take reasonable steps to keep unauthorized persons off the site.
- To give information to planning supervisor and contractors.
- To ensure that all persons caring out construction work can discuss and offer advice on health and safety.
- To ensure that there are arrangements for the co-ordination of the views of employees of their representatives.
- To ensure that contractors provide information and training for their employees.
- To ensure that the health and safety plan contains the necessary features.
- The principal contractor may also give direction to contractors and include written health and safety rules in the health and safety plan.
- To ensure contractors comply with the written health and safety rules.
- Contractor’s responsibilities
- To co-operate with the principal contractor.
- To provide the principal contractor with information, including risk assessments, information on accidents reportable under riddor , and information for the planning supervisor.
- To prohibit employees or self-employed persons from commencing work until they have been given the names of the planning supervisor and the principle contractor , and relevant parts of the health and safety plan.
- The health and safety plan
The health and safety plan must include the following:
- A general description of the construction work.
- The timescale for the project and its stages.
- Details of known or reasonably foreseeable risks.
- Information on the competence and resources of those involved in the project.
- Information to allow the principal contractor and other contractors to comply with their duties.
- Arrangements for the management and monitoring of risks.
- Information about welfare arrangements.
- The health and safety file.
The health and safety file must include the following :-
Drawings and plans used and produced throughout the construction the design criteria
- The construction methods and materials.
- Information regarding the equipment and maintenance facilities within the structure.
- Maintenance procedures and requirements for the structure.
- manuals outlining operating and maintenance procedures and schedules for plant and equipment installed as part of the structure
Quality assurance is the process of verifying or determining whether products or services meet or exceed customer expectations.
Quality assurance is a process driven approach with specific steps to help define and attain goals. This process considers design, development, production , and service.
The four quality assurance steps are :
- Plan: Establish objecti ves and processes required to deliver the desired results.
- Do: implement the process developed.
- Check: Monitor and evaluate the implemented process by testing the results against the predetermined objectives
- Act: Apply actions necessary for improvement if the results require changes.
This method is an effective method for monitoring quality assurance because it analyzes existing conditions and methods used to provide the product or service customers.The goal is to ensure that excellence is inherent in every component of the process. Quality assurance also helps determine whether the steps used to provide the product or service are appropriate for the time and conditions. In addition, if this cycle is repeated throughout the lifetime of the product or service, it helps improve internal company efficiency.
Quality assurance demands a degree of detail in order to be fully implemented at every step. Planning, for example, could include investigation into the quality of the raw materials used in manufacturing, the actual assembly, or the inspection processes used. The checking step could include customer feedback, surveys, or other marketing vehicles to determine if customer needs are being exceeded and why they are or are not. Acting could mean a total revision in the manufacturing process in order to correct a technical or cosmetic flaw. Competition to provide specialized products and services results in breakthroughs as well as long-term growth and change. Quality assurance verifies that any customer offering, regardless if it is new or evolved is produced and offered with the best possible materials, in the most comprehensive way, with the highest standards. The goal to exceed customer expectations in a measurable and accountable process is provided by quality assurance.